Although Orthodox refugees prevailedamong therefugees whoarrived inthe province farmers, by occupation, yet they were different fromthe indigenouspopulation habits, and sometimes even language and faith. This circumstance created prerequisites for the emergence of separation into “ours, ours” and “aliens”. but in the Oryol province there was no direct confrontation between refugees and resident population. Sources of different departmental affiliation point to different nuances of refugee perception by the indigenous population. By According to the police, the attitude of the locals towards the refugees was quite calm, sympathetic and benevolent throughout the province81. Gendarme employees noted the friction between migrants and indigenous on emotional grounds: refugees reproached locals for rudeness, the latter, in turn, accused the refugees of increased the need for attention and care about yourself. The local population recognized very beneficial and fair active voluntary participation of refugees in agricultural work, especially in 1916, when the lack of labor Strength has become palpable in most farms83. Some frictions occurred during the resettlement of refugees in rural areas. local peasant huts, conducted by the police. Sub-settlement yet one completely foreign family to a single dwelling not could not create tensions between the hosts and the “guests”,
Mitigated only by payment for accommodation. According to the Department the police have repeatedly experienced cases of reluctance of the local population to accept refugees who, nevertheless, were easily settled by the local by authority84. The provincial administration saw the problem in appearing on the territory the province of Jewish refugees and erosion, thus, the Pale of Settlement. Fears caused the possibility of conflict between Jews and the local population, revitalizing left elements in society and underground work.
According to police reports, the arrival of Jewish refugees did not significantly change local life. Of the half of the counties reported that the number of arrived Jews minimally. The proportion of Jews among refugees, fluctuating in different counties between 3% and 7%, objectively was not able to cause irritation of the local population. Part of the residents were negative about the very fact of disappearance. sedentary traits, based on ingrained (and fueled by propaganda) stereotypes. Police authorities rated Jewish attitudes as “Unfeeling”, “unfriendly”, “mistrustful” up to “Negative” and “worst”. At the same time in other counties other police officers stated “indifferent”, “calm”, “not sociable, but not hostile “and even” sympathetic “attitude of local residents, and such reviews prevailed. Despite this, the monthly reports to the Police Department, Governor Arapov has consistently chosen the most negative tone in relation to the Jews, attributing it to all residents provinces85. The gendarme police rated the attitude to the arrived Jews as “Ordinary”. Among the residents of the province was dominated by the view that they have nowhere else to relocate86.